You are authorised to come to Belgium to study if you are legally enrolled in an institution of higher education or university recognised by the Belgian authorities to follow a full course of study or to undertake a preparatory year.
If you fulfil the conditions, you will be issued a residence permit and a long stay visa type D.
Employment during studies
You can work up to 20 hours a week, provided your work does not interfere with your studies (and without limit during school holidays).
Stay and employment after studies
Change of status
If your personal situation or purpose of stay changes during your legal stay in Belgium, you can apply for most other statuses.
Your family members have a right to stay in Belgium if they meet the conditions for family reunification.
As a student, you do not qualify for EU long-term resident status. You can apply for EU long-term resident status on the basis of another status after 5 years of uninterrupted legal stay in Belgium (and provided you have sufficient, regular and stable means of subsistence and health insurance). In this case, your previous study period in Belgium is taken into account at 50%.
Please note that Directive (EU) 2016/801 has not yet been fully transposed into national law. At this moment there are no specific provisions regarding mobility of students (with the exception of the Erasmus+ programme).