Please note that Directive (EU) 2016/801 has not yet been fully transposed into national law. The information in this section is not yet applicable.
You can apply to carry out a traineeship in Belgium if you have a higher education degree for no longer than 2 years or if you are pursuing a higher education degree in a non-EU country. You must have a training agreement in line with your qualification level and your field of study with a host entity/company in Belgium.
Please note that you can also apply for a single permit to participate in other traineeships, such as a professional training in a company, a post-university internship or a traineeship at a Belgian public service or an organisation of international public law (such as the EU institutions) provided you fulfil the required criteria. Consult the website of the competent regional authority for more information about these special categories.
If you fulfil the conditions, you will be issued a single permit for residence and work and a long stay visa (type D).
Where and how to apply
You can introduce a request for a single permit for residence and work through your employer or his agent. The application must be submitted to the department of economic migration of the region where your employer is based: Flanders, Wallonia, Brussels Capital Region or the German-speaking Community.
To apply for a single permit your employer or his/her agent needs to submit a number of documents, including proof of payment of the administrative fee (see ‘Documents required’). Your application is assessed by the competent regional authority and the federal Immigration Office.
The regional and federal authorities need to take a decision within 90 days.
If the regional authority grants an authorisation to work and the Immigration Office grants an authorisation to stay, you receive a decision granting you a single permit (annex 46) from the Immigration Office.
If one or both of the authorities fail to take a decision, you receive a certificate granting you a single permit (annex 47) from the Immigration Office.
If one or both of the authorities reject your application, you receive a decision rejecting your right of residence (annex 48).
To obtain a D visa to travel to Belgium, you need to present your annex 46 or 47 and international passport and submit a visa application to the Belgian diplomatic or consular post of your place of residence.
The authorities take your fingerprints and a digital photo.
You can check the status of your visa application online by entering your reference number and the location of the diplomatic or consular post.
To apply for an authorisation to work and stay, your employer or his agent must submit:
After your arrival in Belgium, you need to register at the municipality of your place of residence within 8 working days.
You receive a temporary residence document (annex 49) pending the residence check to be executed by the authorities.
If the residence check is positive, the municipality issues a single permit for a limited period of time (A-card).
Duration of validity of permits/visas
The single permit for trainees is valid for a period of up to six months. In Flanders, your permit can be renewed once. In the other regions, your permit is not renewable.
Conditions for renewal
In Flanders, you need to apply for renewal at the latest 2 months before your single permit expires.
If your application for authorisation to work has been rejected by the regional authority, your employer can appeal this decision before the competent appeal body within 30 days after you received the decision. You can lodge an appeal against this decision before the Council of State within 60 days after you received the decision.
If your application for authorisation to stay has been rejected by the Immigration Office, you can appeal this decision before the Council for Alien Law Litigation (CALL) within 30 days after you received the decision.
Change of status
If your personal situation or purpose of stay changes during your legal stay in Belgium, you can apply for most other statuses.
Your family members have a right to stay in Belgium if they meet the conditions for family reunification.
You can apply for EU long-term resident status after 5 years of uninterrupted legal stay in Belgium, provided you have sufficient, regular and stable means of subsistence and health insurance.
Stays for reasons of temporary nature are not taken into account.
No information available at the moment.